Load-following capability of German nuclear power plants
Nuclear power plants are predominantly operated in continuous mode at full load to cover the so-called base load. In contrast, the feed from photovoltaics and wind power is subject to strong daily and seasonal fluctuations. A large share of the fluctuating electricity feed from renewable energies imposes stringent requirements on the remaining conventional power plant fleet that have to be met in order to ensure a stable and reliable supply.
Beyond technical and operational questions, there are also some significant economic aspects and potential ramifications with respect to reactor safety to be considered with regard to an operating mode meeting these requirements.
The TAB background paper no. 21 (PDF) deals with this subject with the aim of reviewing and concisely summarising the status of scientific knowledge and the current debate. The summary of this report is now available in English.
Download und further information:
- Load-following capability of German nuclear power plants. Summary. (PDF)
Grünwald, R.; Caviezel, C.
- TAB-Hintergrundpapier Nr. 21
Lastfolgefähigkeit deutscher Kernkraftwerke. Monitoring.
- Project page: Load-following capability of German nuclear power plants